STIGQter STIGQter: STIG Summary: PostgreSQL 9.x Security Technical Implementation Guide Version: 1 Release: 6 Benchmark Date: 25 Oct 2019: PostgreSQL must off-load audit data to a separate log management facility; this must be continuous and in near real time for systems with a network connection to the storage facility and weekly or more often for stand-alone systems.

DISA Rule

SV-87697r2_rule

Vulnerability Number

V-73045

Group Title

SRG-APP-000515-DB-000318

Rule Version

PGS9-00-011300

Severity

CAT II

CCI(s)

Weight

10

Fix Recommendation

Note: The following instructions use the PGDATA and PGVER environment variables. See supplementary content APPENDIX-F for instructions on configuring PGDATA and APPENDIX-H for PGVER.

Configure PostgreSQL or deploy and configure software tools to transfer audit records to a centralized log management system, continuously and in near-real time where a continuous network connection to the log management system exists, or at least weekly in the absence of such a connection. 

To ensure that logging is enabled, review supplementary content APPENDIX-C for instructions on enabling logging. 

With logging enabled, as the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), configure the follow parameters in postgresql.conf (the example uses the default values - tailor for environment): 

Note: Consult the organization on how syslog facilities are defined in the syslog daemon configuration. 

$ sudo su - postgres 
$ vi ${PGDATA?}/postgresql.conf 
log_destination = 'syslog' 
syslog_facility = 'LOCAL0' 
syslog_ident = 'postgres' 

Now, as the system administrator, reload the server with the new configuration: 

# SYSTEMD SERVER ONLY 
$ sudo systemctl reload postgresql-${PGVER?}

# INITD SERVER ONLY 
$ sudo service postgresql-${PGVER?} reload

Check Contents

First, as the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), ensure PostgreSQL uses syslog by running the following SQL:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ psql -c "SHOW log_destination"

If log_destination is not syslog, this is a finding.

Next, as the database administrator, check which log facility is configured by running the following SQL:

$ psql -c "SHOW syslog_facility"

Check with the organization to see how syslog facilities are defined in their organization.

If the wrong facility is configured, this is a finding.

If PostgreSQL does not have a continuous network connection to the centralized log management system, and PostgreSQL audit records are not transferred to the centralized log management system weekly or more often, this is a finding.

Vulnerability Number

V-73045

Documentable

False

Rule Version

PGS9-00-011300

Severity Override Guidance

First, as the database administrator (shown here as "postgres"), ensure PostgreSQL uses syslog by running the following SQL:

$ sudo su - postgres
$ psql -c "SHOW log_destination"

If log_destination is not syslog, this is a finding.

Next, as the database administrator, check which log facility is configured by running the following SQL:

$ psql -c "SHOW syslog_facility"

Check with the organization to see how syslog facilities are defined in their organization.

If the wrong facility is configured, this is a finding.

If PostgreSQL does not have a continuous network connection to the centralized log management system, and PostgreSQL audit records are not transferred to the centralized log management system weekly or more often, this is a finding.

Check Content Reference

M

Target Key

3087

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